The new resolution seeks to give the appointed Iraqi Governing Council and the occupying power as a whole a cruder recognition
The Bush administration has presented a draft of a new UN resolution, but this does not mean that it wants the UN to play a greater role in Iraq. The U.S. government merely wants the Security Council to support the governing council it and the British government have set up.
Apparently, the U.S. government does not want to let go of the levers, despite the many problems and discontent in its own groups regarding the occupation of Iraq. Presumably, they fear that a UN mission would severely damage the Bush administration’s reputation, even in its own country. The mere request for a resolution would be tantamount to an admission that it had not managed to do so on its own and that it was still dependent on the UN, which had been repeatedly smeared. On the other hand, as the situation in Iraq remains difficult and the daily attacks continue, criticism of the occupation is growing, even in the United States.
With 140,000 troops stationed in Iraq, the Americans.000 soldiers stationed in Iraq, the Americans are still bearing the brunt of the occupation. Despite many efforts and rough offers, the coalition of the willing has so far not really been able to relieve the American and British troops (search for help). An international force under Polish leadership with 10.000 soldiers came about, but had to be partly financed by the U.S. As the case of India has shown, which demanded strong UN participation in order to send troops to Iraq, a resolution to this effect would be necessary for the participation of other major countries. The U.S. government is currently negotiating with Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Honduras, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Mongolia, Nicaragua, the Philippines, Portugal, and Thailand to obtain troops or support for the occupation. But even if these states joined the coalition of the willing, this could only have symbolic value in order to be able to speak of a broad international coalition on the side of the USA and Great Britain.
Although prere is also mounting in the U.S. on the Bush administration to give the UN a more coarse role and thus share the financial and military burden, it appears to continue to focus on expanding the coalition of the willing, as the New York Times reports, rather than involving the UN more heavily in the occupation or even resorting to states that opposed the war but now want to exert their influence in Iraq.
The draft resolution now introduced by the U.S., which will presumably be adopted by the Security Council, provides only for recognition of the Iraqi Governing Council established by the occupying powers). Initially, the wording was that the Security Council recognizes the Government Council. However, after discussions with the five permanent members of the Security Council, who have already signed off on the draft, the only thing left to do is for the Security Council to "greetings" the government council. This is not an official recognition. In addition, a "Support Mission" be established in Baghdad. This should only coordinate the UN activities and also has primarily a symbolic meaning, namely an indirect recognition of the legitimacy of the occupying power.
UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan has been under intense prere from the U.S. government to at least give a positive signal. Also, some of the members of the governing council have visited Annan and asked for some kind of recognition of the council in order to strengthen its legitimacy. However, China, Russia, France and Germany are also under prere to meet the USA, which is why nothing should stand in the way of the adoption of the resolution after the reformulations, even if Syria causes difficulties. However, it is doubtful whether this resolution will be enough to make more countries willing to provide funds and troops for the occupation and reconstruction.
The 25 members of the Iraqi Governing Council will be provided with bodyguards by the occupying power, as was the case with the Afghan president. For this purpose 120 Iraqis are to be employed. This also shows that attacks on members of the Governing Council are expected and that Iraq is still highly insecure. In addition, the already heavily protected conference center in Baghdad, where the governing council meets, has been further secured with barbed wire and concrete barriers. Journalists who wanted to attend a press conference with Paul Bremer had to arrive 90 minutes early outside the conference center and were screened three times in a row.