The Energy and Climate Week Show: Climate negotiations continued to increase Zah, AMIS come with empty existing China has the better power plants
In Barcelona, on Monday, the officially last preparation round for the UN climate summit in Copenhagen begun, which will be six weeks. As reported, it is bad about a new climate protection contract.
Although a design is now available, but this is not rather than a skeleton. However, a very voluminous skeleton, because the text contains countless passages in square brackets, which display their disputes. Controversial is, among other things, the contractual framework. The US increased to a completely new contract under the umbrella of the Climate Protection Framework Convention (UNFCCC). Most of the other states, but above all, the threshold and development standards do not see that at all, but require that the contract continues to the existing contract. In practice, that strikes that the old Kyoto protocol is required, expanding and also likely to be encouraged. That had the advantage that in a thousand technical detail questions did not destroy the work of twelve years of negotiations and the bike had to be reinvented.
Another gross dispute is the obligations of industrialized countries. According to the text of the convention, there are "a common, but different responsibility", a "Hazardous climate change" to prevent. The developing countries insist on the reading that therefore the rich Lander must reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. The previous proposals, whereby those of the EU with minus 20 percent on the basis of 1990 until the year 2020 is still the largest, they are too low. On Monday evening, therefore, the talks were interrupted because a group of 50 African states demanded better offers from the rich north.
Meanwhile, the head of the negotiations, UNFCCC secretar Yvo de Boer, andiplomatically walked far from the window. "Copenhagen must bring clarity… I do not believe that the International Community will accept an instrument that no clarity is creating the US mails to reduce its emissions", said the Netherlander. Landers like China, India, Mexico and Brazil were moved faster in terms of climate protection than the wealthy countries
Despite the criticism, the US delegation has not placed any concrete offers on the table in Barcelona. The Danische Environment Minister Connie Hedegaard prompted this to the remark, they can hardly imagine that the US Prassident on 10. December in Oslo takes the Nobel Peace Prize and a few days later send his delegation with empty hands to Copenhagen.
In Barcelona is currently eagerly arguing about international climate protection. Image: UNFCCC
However, neither the Danischen hosts of the December Conference, nor the self-proclaimed climate protection pioneer Germany, nor the EU is still for those who drive the negotiations. As reported (results from the back room), the EU also stops after its summit with commitments for the Anpangs pot. Around 100 billion euros are aged in order to combat the consequences of climate change in the countries of the Suedand and to finance an adjust to the changed conditions. At the meeting of EU Heads of State and Government, there were neither the high level of EU share nor the division among the member standards. Also Federal Chancellor Merkel joined for it, not yet to call an amount (EU Minister of Finance Knaustern).
Hedegaards party friends and cabinet colleagues in Copenhagen are meanwhile thinking about how they can prevent the expected strain protests possible. The right-lie government party, which means a sensial way in Deutsch Liegen, brought a long-term application in parliament last month, reported Taz Correspondent Reinhard Wolff. That "Lubrication package" Named law, among other things, provides for seat blockades of 40 days without preservation. "Conflict" Should be proven with sensitive money bubes in the high of several hundred euros.
The coalition agreement concluded by CDU, CSU and FDP means, as reported last week (consumption revolution instead of climate policy without goal) for climate protection a rough step ruckwarts. One thing remains to be considered: the coalitionaries correctly explain that in the building renovation is a coarse potential for climate protection. After all, the provision of hot water as well as heating dwarmes is one of the very coarse posts in German energy balance and with a reasonable amount of warming is 50 percent and more of the energy spent in the comfort loss.
In the coalition agreement, it is now called that the renovation rate must be increased. With one to two percent of the old stock, it is somewhat too low. However, the paper has only a reasonably concrete proposal, as the quota could be improved: the rights of the tenants are intended to be enchanted and their contradicts of contradictory. Renovation work is no longer a reason for rent reductions. By contrast, the claim of the tenant demanded by tenant and consumer organizations on a hot renovation is not the speech. She remains only a question of the Gutdunken and the oconomic considerations of the landlord, which does not matter to the heating cost accounting of his landlords.
Support, however, is there for the megaproject Desertec, with the electricity from North Africa to be brought to Europe: "We will work in a strategy of a power composite with North Africa for sun and wind energy", it is called in the coalition agreement. A few days after which this was under the roof and subject, Munchchen was announced in the establishment of a company, which should now begin to mobilize capital and tackle the implementation of the project.
The aim is to cover a noteworthy part of the growing energy demand of North Africa and the Middle East and 15 percent of the European electricity needs with solar and wind energy from the region by 2050. Morocco and Egypt have some excellent conditions for the construction of wind turbines. Mainly, however, is intended on solar thermal power plants in the sunny desert areas. Occasionally it is advertised that the emphasis of these systems could be used for seawater density, but so far there is no flagship project in which this idea has been implemented. On the other hand, economically working solar thermal power plants are already available in several countries.
Shareholders The newly founded DII GmbH are ABB, Abengoa Solar, Cevital, the Desertec Foundation, Deutsche Bank, E.On, HSH Nordbank, Man Solar Millennium, Munchruck, M + W Zander, RWE, SCHOTT Solar and Siemens. Some of the companies involved as SCHOTT Solar and ABB come into question as suppliers of components. ABB, for example, produces the needed high voltage equal power cables, which had to be laid by the Mediterranean and have already cost several dozen billion euros. SCHOTT produces vacuum tubes mounted in the focus of mirrored parabolic troughs. In them a specialol is heated to several hundred degrees, then produced steam. This shoots a turbine.
China versus USA
In the Californian Mojave-Weste, such a solar thermal power plant has been working since the 1980s and new ones are in the emergence. California laws are now demanding the use of renewable energy carriers. The energy suppliers must relate a certain proportion of their electrical energy from clean sources almost the half of the US states have taken an example of California in recent years and adopted similarly, but at the federal level will continue to climate protection.
In the two Hausern of the US Parliament is currently being negotiated via various legislative initiatives, with which, beyond the Atlantic, a national climate protection policy should finally be initiated. One of the ies is the question of whether a European policy-like emissions trading procedure should be introduced or whether one is preferable to tax the output of carbon dioxide. The latter is practiced by countries like Norway, while emissions trading is favored in the EU and was recently explained by the new federal government to the ultimate instrument of climate protection, but so far its usefulness has proven to be proven.
Anyway, however, in the USA is currently a climate protection debate, and as at the still-world power for the year and day umbrella, the People’s Republic of China has to serve again as a handy all-purpose Buhmann. Handy because of the confrontation around and with China rarely protected by expertise. China, that’s the argument of the brakeman and self-appointed skeptics, was more greenhouse gases emit as the US – what recently true – but nothing works – which is freely invented.
China has underholding the USA just as a large ier of greenhouse gases (Current GHG emissions), which are specified here in CO2 Aquivalents (CO2E). But it also has more than four times as many inhabitants, accordingly a much lower per capita (GHG emissions per capita) and lower historical emissions (Cumulative CO2 Combustion Emissions). Image: we
The Washington World Resources Institute tries to counteract this mood with facts. At the end of October, it published a report in which the Chinese tarpaulin is shown for the expansion of solar and wind energy. The authors point out that since 2007 there has been a high-ranking working group chaired by the Minister President Wen Jiabao, which coordinates Chinese climate protection policy. It will be apparent to what high priority of the question is now in Beijing (Beijing).
To the Chinese climate protection goals, among other things, the energy intensity of the economy of 2006 to 2010 decreases by 20 percent and increase the share of renewables on nationwide energy consumption by 2020 to 15 percent. In the context of this objective, hundreds of obsolete coal-fired power plants have been shut down in recent years. As a result, the average efficiency of power plant parks has been accelerated in recent years. With about 35 percent, he is still lousy – technically possible with modern systems 42 percent or a little more – but is now at least the corresponding US key figure. Shore: On average, a Chinese coal-fired power plant is more effective than a US.
The good news
And finally the good news of the week: Wind energy is booming. The Maldives come to their goal to be the first nation without greenhouse gas emissions by 2020, a good stucco close. At the afterth, the construction of an offshore wind farm is started. For 200 million US dollars, 30 wind ratings are built with a total output of 75 megawatts. The project should go to the network in 20 months and deliver 40 percent of the country’s electrical energy. Uppery energy CONNE can be used in a seawater desalination system, it is called in a report by the specialist information service Business Green. A 50 MW gas power plant is ready for dwelling.
In the United States, according to the local representation of the wind energy industry there are already wind turbines with a performance of 5.800 MW has been built. Overall, beyond the Atlantic is now 31.000 MW installed, with which the United States the long-term leader Germany (currently about 25.000 MW) have now left far behind.